1979 Ph.D. in Psychology, University of California, San Diego


Dissertation title:

"Speech is Specialized, Not Special"


1976 M.A. in Psychology, University of California, San Diego


Masters thesis:

"Phonemic Restoration: Context Effects and Individual Differences"


Advisor David E. Rumelhart
Core faculty of LNR lab: Don Norman, Dave Rumelhart, and James McCelland
Faculty collaborator: Elissa Newport



1975 B.A. in Psychology, Cornell University


Undergraduate thesis:

"Yakker II: A Speech Understanding System and its Psychological Basis"


Advisor Gordon Wilcox

Other influential faculty Ulric Neisser, Stephanie Shattuck-Hufnagel, Jack Catlin, and James Farber