Stanford University (1990)
Professor, Cognitive Science
Office Hours: Wednesdays, 1:00-2:00, or by appointment
Phone Number: (631) 632-9145
Areas of Interest:
I am a cognitive scientist who studies the psychology of language use--in particular, interactive spoken dialogue. Some of my current studies use eye-tracking, either as a measure of language processing or as a mode of communication. I also study the human use of technology, especially speech and language interfaces to computers. Previously, I developed a computational model of caricature.
Adaptive Spoken Dialog with Human and Computer Partners
The Use of Shared Eyegaze in Communication and Collaboration
Gesture and Audience Design
Zelinsky, G., Dickinson, C., Chen, X., Neider, M., & Brennan, S. E. (Under review). When eyegaze speaks louder than words: The advantages of shared gaze for coordinating collaborative search.
Kraljic, T., & Brennan, S. E. (2005). Using prosody and optional words to disambiguate utterances: For the speaker or for the addressee? Cognitive Psychology, 50, 194-231.
Brennan, S. E. (2004). How conversation is shaped by visual and spoken evidence. In J. Trueswell & M. Tanenhaus (Eds.), Approaches to studying world-situated language use: Bridging the language-as-product and language-action traditions (pp. 95-129). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Metzing, C. & Brennan, S. E. (2003). When conceptual pacts are broken: Partner-specific effects in the comprehension of referring expressions. Journal of Memory and Language, 49, 201-213.
Schober, M. F., & Brennan, S. E. (2003). Processes of interactive spoken discourse: The role of the partner. In A. C. Graesser, M. A. Gernsbacher, & S. R. Goldman (Eds.), Handbook of discourse processes (pp. 123-164). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Lockridge, C. B., & Brennan, S. E. (2002). Addressees' needs influence speakers' early syntactic choices. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 9, 550-557.
Brennan, S. E., & Schober, M. F. (2001). How listeners compensate for disfluencies in spontaneous speech. Journal of Memory and Language, 44, 274-296.
Brennan, S. E., & Clark, H. H. (1996). Conceptual pacts and lexical choice in conversation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 6, 1482-1493.
Brennan, S. E. (1995). Centering attention in discourse. Language and Cognitive Processes, 10, 137-167.
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Current Research Support:
NSF (#0325188), "ITR: Adaptive Spoken Dialog with Human and Computer Partners."
11/03 - 10/07. $1,500,000 (total costs)
S. E. Brennan (Principal Investigator)
NSF (#0527585), "HSD: See Where I'm Looking: Using Shared Gaze to Coordinate Time-Critical Collaborative Tasks."
9/1/05 - 8/31/08. $742,006 (total costs)
G. Zelinsky (Principal Investigator)
NSF (Approved for funding), "Content-Driven Techniques for Non-Visual Web Access"
9/18/05 - 9/17/08. $526,623 (total costs)
I. V. Ramakrishnan (Principal Investigator)
NIMH (NIDCD-funded NRSA minority predoctoral fellowship for Calion Lockridge), "Impact of Working Memory Span on Referring in Conversation."
2/04 - 1/06. $57,200 (fellowship support)
S. E. Brennan (Faculty Sponsor)