Susan E. Brennan, Ph.D.
Stanford University (1990)
Professor, Cognitive Science
Office: Psychology B-322
Office Hours: Wednesdays, 1:00-2:00, or by appointment
Phone Number: (631) 632-9145

Areas of Interest:
I am a cognitive scientist who studies the psychology of language use--in particular, interactive spoken dialogue. Some of my current studies use eye-tracking, either as a measure of language processing or as a mode of communication. I also study the human use of technology, especially speech and language interfaces to computers. Previously, I developed a computational model of caricature.

Current Research:

Adaptive Spoken Dialog with Human and Computer Partners

The Use of Shared Eyegaze in Communication and Collaboration

Gesture and Audience Design

Representative Publications:

Zelinsky, G., Dickinson, C., Chen, X., Neider, M., & Brennan, S. E. (Under review). When eyegaze speaks louder than words: The advantages of shared gaze for coordinating collaborative search.

Kraljic, T., & Brennan, S. E. (2005). Using prosody and optional words to disambiguate utterances: For the speaker or for the addressee? Cognitive Psychology, 50, 194-231.

Brennan, S. E. (2004). How conversation is shaped by visual and spoken evidence. In J. Trueswell & M. Tanenhaus (Eds.), Approaches to studying world-situated language use: Bridging the language-as-product and language-action traditions (pp. 95-129). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Metzing, C. & Brennan, S. E. (2003). When conceptual pacts are broken: Partner-specific effects in the comprehension of referring expressions. Journal of Memory and Language, 49, 201-213.

Schober, M. F., & Brennan, S. E. (2003). Processes of interactive spoken discourse: The role of the partner. In A. C. Graesser, M. A. Gernsbacher, & S. R. Goldman (Eds.), Handbook of discourse processes (pp. 123-164). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Lockridge, C. B., & Brennan, S. E. (2002). Addressees' needs influence speakers' early syntactic choices. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 9, 550-557.

Brennan, S. E., & Schober, M. F. (2001). How listeners compensate for disfluencies in spontaneous speech. Journal of Memory and Language, 44, 274-296.

Brennan, S. E., & Clark, H. H. (1996). Conceptual pacts and lexical choice in conversation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 6, 1482-1493.

Brennan, S. E. (1995). Centering attention in discourse. Language and Cognitive Processes, 10, 137-167.

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Current Research Support:

NSF (#0325188), "ITR: Adaptive Spoken Dialog with Human and Computer Partners."
11/03 - 10/07. $1,500,000 (total costs)
S. E. Brennan (Principal Investigator)

NSF (#0527585), "HSD: See Where I'm Looking: Using Shared Gaze to Coordinate Time-Critical Collaborative Tasks."
9/1/05 - 8/31/08. $742,006 (total costs)
G. Zelinsky (Principal Investigator)

NSF (Approved for funding), "Content-Driven Techniques for Non-Visual Web Access"
9/18/05 - 9/17/08. $526,623 (total costs)
I. V. Ramakrishnan (Principal Investigator)

NIMH (NIDCD-funded NRSA minority predoctoral fellowship for Calion Lockridge), "Impact of Working Memory Span on Referring in Conversation."
2/04 - 1/06. $57,200 (fellowship support)
S. E. Brennan (Faculty Sponsor)